Fluoride can be added to both our tap water at source and to bottled water. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has set regulations for the fluoride content of bottled water and other drinks at 1.4-2.4 ppm (Department of Health and Human Services. Bottled water. 2006. (codified at 21CFR165.110).
These can be used as a supplement in areas where water isn’t fluoridated- if the water contains less than 0.3ppm and the child is high risk for dental caries. They should be continued daily until adolescence. These are most effective when given as far away from the child's brushing as possible. If you forget to take it one day, do not double the dose the next day- just take one tablet. Allow the tablet to dissolve slowly in the mouth.
come in a small bottle with a little pipette for acuurately dispensing the right amount. They can be taken with or without food and some can be mixed with juice or water before taking them. Your pharmacist will be able to advise you on the specifics of taking them; always follow the directions you are given. If you miss a dose, as with the tablets don’t double up, just carry on the next day as per usual.
Both black and green tea
are a significant dietary source of fluoride. The older a tea plant gets, the more fluoride that is absorbed from the soil into the leaves and the more that is released into your water when you drink your cup of tea. So if you are a big tea drinker like most Brits I know, you are probably getting a good dose of fluoride from this. Just think about how much sugar you are adding and consider sugar free alternatives for sweetness.
Fluoride can be added to salt and this can help where fluoridation is not possible. The downside of a diet high in salt, must also be considered.
(iii) Fluoridated Milk
Fluoridated milk schemes
have been tried successfully- it smells, looks, and tastes like ordinary milk- that’s because it is- just with a tad of fluoride added for its benefits. This scheme is supported by the WHO (World Health Organisation), and has proved effective at reducing dental caries. It is often necessary for parents/guardians to sign a consent form if they wish their child to be able to drink dental milk at school.
To stop mottling or mild fluososis
, only one systemic intake of fluoride should be used at a time for children under 9 years of age.