It is generally the result of an overgrowth of a fungus called candia albicans (90%), which grows with poor denture hygiene and from the pressure of an ill fitting denture.
These factors may also contribute:
- Night time denture wear. If you wear your dentures all day and all night, your gums rarely get a chance to breathe giving the perfect environment for the canidida to grow undisturbed.
- High sugar diet. This provides food for the candida, allowing them to grow and multiply.
- Dry mouth (Xerostomia). Your saliva provides natural protection against infection and lubricates your mouth to stop dentures from traumatizing your gums. Without it you are more prone to getting problems. There are various things you can do to help improve the situation, though it will depend on the cause of the problem.
- Systemic problems. The following systemic problems, (those affecting your whole body) may make the condition more likely to occur, or make it more severe:
(ii) Medication- broad spectrum antibiotics
(iv) Cytotoxic drugs (cancer drugs)
(v) Nutritional deficiences- iron, vitamin b12, folic acid
The longer the denture stomatitis is left untreated, the more of the fungus that grows, the more toxins are released and the more inflamed your tissues get. It is a cycle that needs to be broken.