There are various temporary fillings materials that are used in dentistry today. Temporary fillings must seal the tooth and be quick and easy to place and remove.
They can be chemical cured, meaning once mixed, a reaction takes place that causes them to harden, or when they come into contact with saliva.
Alternatively, they can be light-cured and set hard by shining the special blue dental light on them.
They often appear a different colour to the tooth- either very white, whitish grey or a different colour completely such as pink or blue. This helps identify the filling easily when it is being removed.
Most sedative dressings contain Eugenol, which is found in oil of cloves, this has a smoothing effect on the nerve of the tooth and is found in most over the counter toothache remedies.
Glass ionomer cements
are used as a temporary restoration as they are strong and seal the tooth well, but also as a final restoration where aesthetics aren't crucial in non-load bearing (out of your bite) situations. They can last many years and are considered permanent unless the dentist has told you that you need to come back to continue treatment. They are very useful in children’s teeth and patients with a high risk of decay.
Examples of temporary filling are:
- Zinc oxide Eugenol (ZOE)
- Fugi GIC cement (II, VII, IX)